NEWTON & SON
A matching pair of cased terrestrial and celestial pocket globes.
Newton’s new & improved terrestrial globe containing the latest discoveries. [London] : Published by J. Newton & Son, 66 Chancery Lane, & 3 Fleet St., Temple Bar [between 1852-58]. Terrestrial globe, 3 inches in diameter, hand-coloured printed gores over plaster base, two metal pins, housed in the original hand-turned mahogany case; inscribed on the base ‘G. Phillips, a gift from his affectionate mother, October 1858’. A couple of cracks filled in on the case, but a fine example.
Newton’s improved pocket celestial globe. [London : J. Newton & Son, circa 1830]. Celestial globe, 3 inches in diameter, hand-coloured printed gores over plaster base, two metal pins, housed in a later matching hand-turned mahogany case. A fine example.
An exceptional pair of mid nineteenth-century cased pocket globes.
The celestial globe probably pre-dates the terrestrial, as the gores were kept in circulation for longer periods than the more frequently revised terrestrial companion. The terrestrial globe has significant Antarctic detail such as the circumnavigation of Captain John Biscoe, and the second and third voyages of Captain James Cook, including his death on Owyhee (Hawaii). The date of the terrestrial globe is ascertained from the location of Newton’s Fleet Street address (not before 1852), and the date of inscription.
Another example of this pair is represented in the Royal Museums Greenwich collection, where the celestial globe is described as follows: ‘The globe is divided into hour circles every 15 degrees, with parallels for every 10 degrees. The equator is graduated twice, in degrees and hours, and the ecliptic is graduated in degrees and labelled with the symbols of the signs of the zodiac. Stars on the sphere are represented by different symbols and marked by their Bayer notation. The Milky Way is labelled, as are 31 stars and one group of stars’.
Reference: Dekker, Elly, et al. Globes at Greenwich : a catalogue of the globes and armillary spheres in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. London : Oxford University Press and the National Maritime Museum, 1999, pp. 55, 422-423, 426-428.