# 42634

CARPZOV, Johann Gottlob (1679 - 1767)

Apparatus historico criticus Antiquitatum sacri Codicis et gentis Hebraeae.

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Uberrimis annotationibus in Thomae Goodwini Mosen et Aaronem. Frankfurt am Main und Leipzig, Gleditsch, 1748. Quarto, blind-embossed contemporary vellum, a little marked, manuscript title to spine, hinges and joints expertly strengthened, bookplate to front pastedown, portrait frontispiece, title in red and black, pp. x; [vi]; 164; [2]; 820; (66 – index], woodcut headpieces and initials, text in Latin and Hebrew, light browning, a very good copy.

The first edition of Johann Gottlob Carpzov’s commentary on Godwin’s influential text Moses and Aaron: Civil and Ecclesiastical Rites Used by the Ancient Hebrews (1625). Carpzov, professor of Oriental languages at Leipzig and first pastor at Lübeck, was a leading scholar of the Old Testament.

‘The “Apparatus” is in the form of annotations to Goodwin’s “Moses and Aaron,” and appended to it are dissertations on “The Synagogue Treated with Honor” (a statement of what the Christian Church has retained of ancient Jewish customs), on “The Charity System of the Ancient Jews” (discussion of the question whether in O. T. ever means “alms”), and others.

Carpzov represents both an advance and a retrogression in Biblical science—an advance in fulness of material and clearness of arrangement (his “Introductio” is the first work that deserves the name), and a retrogression in critical analysis, for he held fast to the literal inspiration of the Hebrew text of the Old Testament and bitterly opposed the freer positions of Simon, Spinoza, and Clericus. His antiquarian writings are still interesting and useful.’ – Jewish Encyclopaedia https://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/4073-carpzov-johann-gottlob