APIANUS, Petrus [Peter Bienewitz] (1495-1552); GEMMA FRISIUS, Rainer (1508-1555).
Cosmographia Petri Apiani,
per Gemmam Frisivm apud Lovanienses medicum & mathematicum insignem, iam demum ab omnibus vindicata mendis, ac nonnullis quoque locis aucta. Additis eiusdem argumenti libellis ipsius Gemmae Frisii. [Antwerp] : Vaeneunt Antuerpiae sub scuto Basiliensi, Gregorio Bontio, 1545. Quarto, (220 x 150 mm), later full vellum with manuscript title to spine, collection stamp from twentieth century private collector Pierpaolo Vaccarino to endpaper, ff. ; 66; numerous woodblock illustrations and diagrams, folding double page map of the world (Charta cosmographica, cum ventorum propria natura et operatione), three (of four) rotating volvelles, lacking the volvelle recto to f. 28, contemporary marginalia, a fine copy.
Apianus’ Cosmographia was first published in 1524 and would remain one of the most influential works on cosmography, undergoing at least thirty editions in the sixteenth century, of which eleven were published in Antwep by Bontium. From 1529 it would be edited by Gemma Frisius (tutor of Gerard Mercator), who would insert an updated world map, presented in codiform projection, one of the earliest not based on Ptolemy and one of the first to name the continent America. Cosmographia contains geographical information derived from ancient texts as well as modern accounts from the explorer Vespucci contained in Waldseemüller’s Cosmographiae introductio of 1507, and that of Schöner in Luculentissima quaeda terrae totius descriptio (1515). The eighth chapter is devoted to America. Apianus’ Cosmographia is one of the first to employ the mechanical device of volvelles to solve mathematical problems relating to navigation, and would popularise this device in the sixteenth century.
van Ortroy, Apian, 36; van Ortroy, Frisius, 15; Alden, European Americana 545/3; Sabin 1748; Adams A 1279; Church 84; Bibl. Belgica A 33; Shirley 82 (the 1544 edition)