Cardim, António Francisco, 1596-1659
Fasciculus e Iapponicis floribus, suo adhuc madentibus sanguine, compositus a P. Antonio Francisco Cardim è Societate Iesv, prouinciæ Iapponiæ ad Urbem procuratore.
/ Catalogus regularium, et secularium, qui in Iapponiæ regnis … ab ethnics in odium Christianæ Fidei … violenta morte sublati sunt. / Mors felicissima quatuor legatorum Lusitanorum et sociorum quos Japponiae imperator occidit in odium Christianae religionis. Romae : typis heredum Corbelletti, 1646. Three parts in one volume, quarto; contemporary vellum; pp [viii], 252; 79; 40; some misnumbering; the first work with 89 copperplate engravings by Pierre Miotte (2 folding, including the detailed map of Japan, 280 x 400 mm, bound in after the title, and one bound in at the rear of the volume); title with Jesuit device; engraved head- and tail-pieces; dedicated to Pope Innocent X; plate 65 with a small hole; leaf Ff with a natural paper flaw; a little worming in the gutter; first editions of the first two works, and the first Latin edition of the third; the three works were usually bound together.
António Francisco Cardim (Viana do Alentejo, 1596 – Macau, 1659) was a Portuguese Jesuit priest, missionary and historian who wrote several important texts on the history and activities of the Society of Jesus in China, Japan and other places in the Far East. The most significant of Cardim’s works is the Fasciculus e Iapponicis floribus. It includes accounts of more than fifty of the Christians martyred in Japan between 1597 and 1640. Not only is it well illustrated – there are eighty-eight engravings of martyrdoms – but it also contains a detailed folding map of Japan adapted from that of Bernardino Ginnaro published in 1641. The map is the first European map to indicate Japan’s 66 provinces, and it also shows all of the locations relevant to Jesuit activities. The second work, the Catalogus, is a chronological register of Christian martyrs in Japan between 1557 and 1640; and the third work, Mors felicissima, is Cardim’s account, originally published in Lisbon in 1643, of the execution of the four Portuguese emissaries at Nagasaki in 1640.
Cordier, Japonica, 361; de Backer-Sommervogel, II, 740; Streit, V, pp. 560-61; Azevedo, 590: “Muito rara.”
An important, extensively illustrated work that is rarely offered for sale.