# 39098

ZIMMERMANN, E. A. W. (Eberhard August Wilhelm) (1743-1815)

Geographische Geschichte des Menschen und der allgemein verbreiteten vierfüssigen Thiere, nebst einer hierzu gehörigen zoologischen Weltcharte.

$8,000.00 AUD

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Leipzig : in der Weygandschen Buchhandlung, 1778-1780-1783. First edition. Three volumes, octavo (200 x 120 mm), uniform contemporary papered boards (rubbed), spines with the original printed title pieces at the head; Vol. 1 pp. [16], 308, [2 publisher’s advertisements]; Vol. 2 pp. [8], 432; Vol. 3 pp. [10], 278, 32 (Kurze Erklärung der zoologischen Weltcharte), large folding map with hand-coloured outlines (495 x 685 mm) Tabula Mundi Geographico Zoologica sistens Quadrupedes hucusque notos sedibus suis adscriptos edidit E. A. W. Zimmermann. Aug. Wilh. Knoch delineavit / Joseph Marianus Sculp. Aug. Vind.; the bindings firm, the contents of all three volumes fresh and clean, the all-important map a superb example; a very attractive set in neat but unsophisticated contemporary bindings.

This landmark work by E. A. W. Zimmermann (1743-1815), a pioneer in the field of Biogeography, contains the first world map of zoological geography, illustrating the distribution of mammals as it was understood at the beginning of the last quarter of the eighteenth century. Drawn on Mercator’s projection, Zimmermann’s map eschews political boundaries, instead focusing on Linnaean zoology and taxonomy.

The map (Tooley, 1436) was drawn in Augsburg by Joseph Marianus and engraved by August Wilhelm Knoch. An earlier version, engraved by T. Haak of Leiden, had in fact been separately published in 1777. However, the Marianus map in the third (1783) volume of Zimmermann’s three-part work incorporates some revisions which reflect the latest discoveries made by Cook in the Pacific Northwest of America.

In the northwestern portion of New Holland are marked the names of mammals recorded by William Dampier: Lupo affinis (dingo) and Cunic. affin. (Cuniculus affinis, a small wallaby or bilby); and off the Kimberley coast, Manati (?) (manatee – i.e. dugong).

In northeastern and eastern New Holland several creatures sighted by Cook’s expedition in 1770 are noted: curiously, Kanguro (kangaroo) and Didelph. g. (Didelphis gigantea, kangaroo) are marked separately, with an abbreviation symbol that appears to belong to the latter also indicating that it is 5 to 6 feet in stature with either reddish or brown fur; Quoll (Mustela quoll); Vesp. 1. C (Vespertilio vampyrus, large flying fox); and Lupo affin. (dingo).

 

Australian institutional holdings:

Trove locates no complete set or individual volumes of Zimmermann’s work in Australian collections.

The NLA is the only Australian library that holds a copy of the 1783 Marianus map taken from the third volume of Zimmermann’s work (incorrectly dated, however, to around 1775); there are no other copies of either the 1783 or 1777 editions of this important world map in Australian public collections.

Both editions of the map are scarce in the market; a complete set of Zimmermann’s Geographische Geschichte, particularly with such an exceptional example of the map, is a genuine rarity.