History of the Union Jack of Great Britain.
A handmade pedagogical aid for explaining the Union Jack. [Australia? United Kingdom?] : [s.n.], [circa 1830]. Wallet of marbled card, 95 x 130 mm folded, opening to 95 x 375 mm; the inner centre panel of thick card is painted with the cross of St. Andrew; affixed to its left edge is a delicate, folding piece of thin card in the shape of the cross of St. Patrick, and on the right a similarly delicate folding cross of St. George; to the bottom edge is affixed a fold-down manuscript in ink on laid paper, 220 x 125 mm, titled History of the Union Jack of Great Britain, which gives an explanation of the various flags that can be created by folding the crosses in different combinations; considering its fragility, this is a remarkable survivor from the late Georgian or early Victorian period.
The manuscript text reads: ‘Lay the crosses back upon the white Paper on either side. That on the right will show the Flag of St. George for England, Red X on white ground, as borne by the Ships of the royal Navy, before the Union with Scotland. It now denotes an Admiral of the white Squadron. The Centre shews the X of St. Andrew for Scotland, white on blue ground. The left shows the X of St. Patrick for Ireland, red on white ground. By laying the Flag of St. George over the Flag of Scotland we have the Jack as ordered by James 1 in 1606, who always signed his Name “Jaques”, hence the Union Jack. Now raise the X of St. George and lay the X of St. Patrick over that of St. Andrew, replace that of St. George and we have the Union Jack as used since the Union with Ireland in 1801.’