Mappe-Monde. Ou carte générale de toutte la terre, dressée sur les observations de Mrs. de l’Académie Royale des Sciences,
Mise en jeu, Ouvrage aussi utille que curieux, et qui donnera une connaissance exacte du Monde entier. A Paris : [Imprimerie Royale Academie Royale des Sciences, circa 1768].
Copperplate engraving, measures 430 x 550 mm (plate line), 532 x 632 mm (paper), original hand colouring, old fold lines, small pin holes along the folds, old tape marks and mount lines to margins (not affecting the image), very good.
A rare children’s board game, in the form of the classic Game of the Goose, consisting of a world map in two hemispheres two hemispheres, framed by 78 squares detailing a journey around the world, within which are detailed explanations on physical geography and habitation up to the time of the latest discoveries. The map shows the routes of explorers Magellan, Schouten, Le Maire, Cormandant, Anson and others.
This world map with associated game shows an unusual level of detail relating to the region Terres Australes. Nouvelle Hollande, while having accurate details of Dutch exploration, shows a distended Eastern coastline; both New Guinea and Van Diemen’s Land are joined to the continent, and an exaggerated landmass in Queensland is marked (Terre de St. Esprit). The Antarctic continent is delineated with the discovery of Cap de la Circoncision (Bouvetøya) and the limits of icebergs noted with the date of 1739, a reference to the French voyage under the command of Jean-Baptiste-Charles Bouvet de Lozier of 1738-39. The island of South Georgia (unnamed) is marked with the date 1756, most likely a reference to the voyage of Gregorio Jerez from Callao to Cadiz which sighted the island (Isla de San Pedro) on 30 June that year. Beneath the landmass of New Zealand are the antipodal locations of European capitals, with London, Paris, Constantinople, Stockholm, St Petersburg and Berne hypothetically located on the opposite side of the earth.
“New Zealand is shown, according to Tasman of course, and four place names are given: ‘I. des 3 Rois’, ‘R. des Bassins’, ‘B. des Meurtiers’ and ‘C. Cipige’. In the game proper, square 11 groups together the ‘Terre Magellanique’ and the ‘Terre Antarctique’. The latter is described rather summarily and surprisingly as an ‘Unknown land situated in the southern part of the Globe comprised of New Guinea, New Zealand and New Holland’. As a new and piquant innovation, a specific penalty is imposed on players so unfortunate as to land on the Barbary Coast. They are to remain there for two turns ‘because of the trade in Christian slaves which is carried on there …’, but they can be released by the arrival of another player on the same square” (Collins, R.D.J.. Games, Geese and Cannibals. New Zealand Journal of Geography, October 1982, pp. 10-11).
Rare. We can locate only four institutional examples: National Library of Australia; Staatsbibliothek, Berlin; British Museum; Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.