# 39395

BOCHART, Samuel; LEUSDEN, Johannes (editor)

[PROTESTANTISM; NATURAL HISTORY] Hierozoicon, sive bipertitum opus de Animalibus Sacra scripturae, … …

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Leiden : Cornelis Boutesteyn & Jordan Luchtmans, 1692. Two volumes in one, folio (375 x 260 mm), original blind-stamped panelled vellum over boards (rubbed), spine with raised bands and manuscript title (partially faded); Volume 1. Title leaf in red and black with vignette allegorical engraving, pp. [6], 63, [1 blank], 547 (2 columns per page, numbered 1-1094), 91 (Index); Volume 2. Title printed in black, with vignette engraving, and Index to verso, pp. 444 (2 columns per page, numbered 1-888), 79 (Index); text largely in Latin, with Greek, Hebrew, Arabic and occasionally other Semitic languages; head- and tailpieces; front hinge cracked, otherwise internally sound and clean throughout.

Samuel Bochart (1599-1667) was a French Huguenot scholar in the field of Biblical exegesis. Born in Rouen, he studied philosophy at Sedan and theology at Saumur and in 1628 became pastor at Caen. He later studied at Oxford. In compiling this monumental zoological treatise on the animals of the Bible, he drew not only on the Biblical texts themselves but also the writings of Arab naturalists such as al-Damirî and al-Qazwini, whose work had never been published in Europe.

Bochart’s treatise was first published in London in 1663; a second edition appeared in Frankfurt in 1675. This is the stated third edition, published in Leiden in 1692 and edited by the Dutch Calvinist theologian and orientalist Johannes Leusden (1624-1699).