# 22119

GREAT BRITAIN. COURT OF ASSIZE (ESSEX); GARLAND, Nathaniel

[TRANSPORTATION] Essex. Gaol Calendar for the Summer Assize, holden on Monday, the 2d of August, 1824, at Chelmsford, before The Honorable Sir Robert Graham, Knight … and The Honorable Sir James Burrough, Knight….

$850.00 AUD

Chelmsford : Meggy and Chalk, [1824]. Large folio bifolium (460 x 280 mm), letterpress-printed record of the Assize listing the names of the 100 men and women who were brought before Judges Graham and Burrough at Chelmsford, together with their age, trade, summary of offence with which they were charged and a notice of their sentence or acquittal; the single horizontal and two vertical folds; fore-edges and horizontal fold with old tape reinforcement (resultant loss of a small amount of text, including entry no. 69), both leaves with a couple of short edge tears, second leaf with tear along the length of the horizontal fold; endorsed in contemporary hand in ink ‘J. Copland Esq.’ at foot of last side.

No fewer than 21 of the 100 prisoners brought before the Essex Summer Assize in 1824 were sentenced to death, although a number of these received a reprieve. Among the latter was Thomas Spring (alias Briggs), whose occupation is recorded as “showman”. As Thomas Briggs he had originally been sentenced at the Suffolk Assizes in 1819 to 7 years’ transportation to New South Wales for burglary, and had arrived in Sydney on the Coromandel on 5 April 1820. However, he had escaped from that colony, made his way back to England and been recaptured. Twelve of the prisoners were sentenced to transporation. Among these convicts were William Lingard, brickmaker, 7 years for burglary; Thomas Mills (labourer), Edward Fox (labourer), John Hubbard (carpenter) and Michael Seaman (carpenter), 7 years for receiving stolen goods; William Day (labourer), 7 years for stealing; William Killock (labourer) and Samuel Dowsett (labourer), 7 years for burglary; Joseph Clarsic (labourer), 7 years for stealing; James Dare (labourer) and Samuel Langley (costarmonger), 7 years for stealing, and James Eggleton (weaver), 14 years for stealing (a handkerchief!), transported to New South Wales on the Marquis of Hastings (arr. Sydney 3rd January, 1826).

Unrecorded in Australian collections.