# 41533

VANCOUVER, George, 1757-1798; SPARRMAN, Anders, 1748-1820

En upptäckts-resa till Norra Stilla Hafvet, och kring jordklotet : att på Kongl. Engelsk befallning och omkostnad i synnerhet forska efter något segelbart sammanhang imellan Norra Stilla och Norra Atlantiske Hafven förrättad åhren 1790, 1791, 1792, 1793, 1794, 1795, under commando af Capitain George Vancouver. Ifrån engelskan i sammandrag utgifven af Anders Sparrman.

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Scarce Swedish edition of Vancouver’s voyage account, being Anders Sparrman’s abridgement of Voyage of discovery to the North Pacific Ocean and round the world (1798).

Stockholm : Anders Zetterberg, 1800. Two parts in one volume, small octavo, contemporary half calf over speckled papered boards, spine ruled in gilt with title labels (spine and edges worn and rubbed); contemporary inscription to front pastedown; pp [vi], 184; [viii], 192; 8 full-page engraved plates, all portraits after Webber (from Cook’s third voyage) of indigenous subjects, including Van Diemen’s Land (2), Friendly Islands (2), Oonalaska (2), and Prince William Sound (2); folding map of the North Pacific and the northwest coast of America drawn and engraved by Sparrman, based on a map published in 1781; as in most copies, the series title page is not present; a very good copy.

Sparrman had sailed with Vancouver on Cook’s second voyage, and his abridged version in Swedish of Vancouver’s voyage account includes some personal recollections of Vancouver (pp.3-4, part one). This edition also includes Sparrman’s own account of the Patagonians (pp.166-192, part two) as well as the Pacific map drawn and engraved by himself. The selection of engraved plates after Webber is somewhat incongruous, as Vancouver did not make landfall in either Van Diemen’s Land or the Friendly Islands (Tonga). He did, however, discover and name King George III Sound (present day Albany) on the southwest coast of Australia, so his account holds an important place in the context of Australian exploration.

‘Vancouver … had served earlier with both Admiral Rodney and on James Cook’s second and third voyages, so was well equipped in terms of experience, in addition he was a first class navigator. The voyage was mounted as a grand-scale expedition to reclaim Britain’s rights, resulting from the Nootka Convention, at Nootka Sound, to thoroughly examine the coast south of 60¼ in order to find a possible passage to the Atlantic; and to learn what establishments had been founded by other powers. This voyage became one of the most important ever made in the interests of geographical knowledge. Vancouver sailed by way of the Cape of Good Hope to Australia, where he discovered King George’s Sound and Cape Hood, then to New Zealand, Hawaii, and the northwest coast of America. In three seasons’ work Vancouver surveyed the coast of California; visited San Francisco and San Diego … and other Spanish settlements in Alta California; settled the necessary formalities with the Spanish at Nootka; investigated the Strait of Juan de Fuca; discovered the Strait of Georgia; circumnavigated Vancouver Island; and disproved the existence of any passage between the Pacific and Hudson Bay.’ (Hill, Pacific Voyages, 2004, p.623)

Ferguson, 320a; Forbes, 325; Kroepelien, 1314; Du Rietz (Cook), 16; Sabin Bibliotheca Americana 98443

Copies are recorded in two Australian collections (National Library of Australia; State Library of New South Wales)