# 13747

KLINGER, Johann Georg; MULLER, Johann Wolfgang

Jeu de voyage des cinq parties du monde

Also titled: Description de differens peuples remarquables des cinq parties du monde. Nüremberg : J. G. Klinger, 1805-1807. Second edition. Original box of red paper over card, 114 x 100 x 105 mm, with gilt embossed decoration, the lid lettered in gilt Jeu de voyage des cinq parties du monde (corners bumped); the box in three compartments: the first contains five original slipcases of different coloured card, each 105 x 95 mm, with original printed title labels: I. Européens; II. Asiatiques; III. Africains; IV. Américains; V. Habitans des terres Australes; with their original complete sets of hand coloured copperplate engravings, 99 x 90 mm, on grey card backing, ranging in number from 5 to 10 per set; captions in German and French, with sequence numbers at upper right corners; the final card in each set is an engraved map; the second compartment houses a booklet which provides descriptions (on average 4 pages in length) of the peoples depicted on each card (hence we can ascertain that no cards are lacking), Description de differens peuples remarquables des cinq parties du monde avec des figures représentant leur costume national. Par Jean Wolfgang Muller et Jean George Klinger. Avec 32 planches et 6 petites cartes géographiques. Seconde édition. à Nuremberg, chez Jean George Klinger, 1807. Duodecimo, original blue wrappers with embossed decoration, pp xvi, 127; an engraved mappe-monde, supplied in facsimile; the third compartment contains a facsimile of the original rules sheet, Voyages aux cinq parties du monde ou Jeu de Nations de trois manières: I) Jeu de Commerce. II) Jeu pédagogique. III) Divertissement à gages et à punitions plaisantes, with imprint identical to the booklet, 172 x 105 mm, [4] pp, folding; and an engraved playing chart, also supplied in facsimile, Table contenant les parties spéciales et les nations de chaque partie du monde, in the form of a schematic pyramid and relating to the instructions contained in the rules, with the imprint dated 1805.

A rare and beautifully illustrated early nineteenth century pedagogical game produced in Nüremberg by Johann Georg Klinger. A famed globemaker and prolific cartographic publisher, Klinger is not generally recognised as a maker of children’s games. However, he published at least four editions of this versatile geographical game (1801; 1807; 1811; 1813). Klinger’s ingenious design concept meant that the game could be played in three entirely different ways, as set out in the rules sheet. Its appeal was therefore broad and spanned different age groups, with more advanced children being able to play the most sophisticated game, one that demanded strategic planning of trade and commerce around the globe. Versions in French and German were produced for each edition. (The German title is Reisen in die V Erdtheile. Beschreibung verschiedener merkwürdiger Völkerschaften in den fünf Welttheilen nebst Abbildung ihrer Nationaltrachten). The box and slipcase labels, booklet with text by Johann Wolfgang Muller, rules sheet and chart were printed in separate French and German versions to cater for both markets; but because the engraved cards were expensive to produce, they were designed with bilingual captions so that they were able to be used in both language versions of each edition. The captions to the engravings are as follows:

Européens: 1. Schweitzer. / Suisses. 2. Spanier. / Espagnols. 3. Ungarn. / Hongrois. 4. Türken. / Turcs. 5. Russen. / Russes 6. Lappländer. / Lappons; Asiatiques: 1. Araber. / Arabes. 2. Perser. / Persans. 3. Ostindier. / Habitans des Indes orientalis. 4. Chineser. / Chinois. 5. Tartaren. / Tartares. 6. Kalmüken. / Kalmoucs. 7. Tungussen. / Tungusses. 8. Kamtschadalen. / Habitans de Kamtchatka. 9. Tschuktschen. / Tchouctches. 10. Samojeden. / Samoyedes; Africains: 1. Egypter. / Egyptiens. 2. Guineer. / Habitans de Guinée. 3. Shaggas. / Taggas. 4. Hottentotten. / Hottentots; Américains: 1. Feuerländer. / Habitans des terres de feu. 2. Patagonier. / Patagons. 3. Caraiben. / Caraibas. 4. Virginier. / Habitans de la Virginie. 5. Nutka Sundeinwohner. / Habitans de Nutkasund. 6. Unalaschker. / Unalaschkales. 7. Esquimaux. / Esquimaux. 8. Grönländer. / Groenlandois.Terres Australes: 1. Neuholländer. / Habitans de la nouvelle Hollande. 2. Neuseeländer. / Habitans de la nouvelle Zélande. 3. Otaheiter. Insulaires d’Otahiti. 4. Sandwich Insulaner. / Insulaires de Sandwich.

Klinger’s game is discussed in Thomas Stauss’ Frühe Spielwelten : Zur Belehrung und Unterhaltung. Die Spielwarenkataloge von Peter Friedrich Catel (1747-1791) und Georg Hieronimus Bestelmeier (1764-1829). Hochwald : Librum, 2014, pp 360-65; and also in Buijnsters, P.J. & Buijnsters-Smets, Leontine. Papertoys. Speelprenten en papieren speelgoed in Nederland (1640-1920). Zwolle : Waanders, 2005, pp 137-8, illustrated p 176.

There are very few complete examples of this exquisite game extant. A copy of the first edition of 1801 (French version) is held in the Universiteit van Amsterdam; Princeton University Library holds two copies of the third edition of 1811 (French version); and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin holds a copy of the fourth edition of 1813 (German version).