# 14844

Suárez de Figueroa, Cristóbal (1571-after 1644)

[QUIROS] Hechos de Don Garcia Hurtado de Mendoça, marques de Cañete :

A don Ivan Andres Hurtado de Mendoça su hijo, marques de Cañete, Señor de las Villas de Argete y su partido, Montero mayor del Rey nuestro señor, Guarda mayor de la ciudad de Cuenca, etta / por el doctor Christoval Suarez de Figueroa. En Madrid : en la Imprenta Real, Año 1616. Second issue of the first edition, the much rarer issue with elaborately engraved title page and revised dedication to Juan Andrés Hurtado de Mendoça. Small quarto, later half calf (late eighteenth or early nineteenth century) over marbled papered boards, spine with gilt ornament and contrasting red leather title label lettered in gilt (slight loss at head and tail), marbled endpapers, [8] preliminary leaves, comprising engraved title leaf signed Corn. Boel (Cornelis Bol), with portrait of Mendoza and coat of arms, armour and weaponry, old inscription erased, inserted on stub (as issued); leaf [2] Tassa, Suma del Privilegio, Erratas, Aprovacion signed by F. Alonso Remon, Aprovacion signed by Anonio de Herrera; leaf [3] dedication by the author to Juan Andrés Hurtado de Mendoça and first part of address to the reader by Don Gabriel Caruajal de Ulloa, inserted on stub (as issued); leaf [4] last part of Ulloa’s address and statement of Andres de Prada; leaves [5-8] Prologo; pp 248, 245-324 (mispaginated, as in other copies of both the 1613 and 1616 issues, which are bound from the same sheets; the collation of the present copy accords with that of the copy in the Alessandrina Library, Rome, digitized in December 2015); engraved initials, head- and tail-pieces; occasional light foxing and some mild staining to the margins of a few leaves, otherwise clean and fresh throughout.

The rare second issue of the first edition of this account of the deeds of Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza (1535-1609), Captain General of Peru and from 1590-1596 Viceroy of Peru, which contains important narratives of Mendaña’s discovery of the Solomons in 1568 (pp 228-37), and of his second voyage in 1595, with Quiros as chief pilot, to colonize the Solomons and to continue the search for Terra Australis Incognita (pp 238-90). Suárez de Figueroa’s account of the latter expedition is based – probably with Quiros’ permission – on Quiros’ own voyage report; along with Morga’s Sucesos de las Mas Filipinos (Mexico, 1609), which is based on the same report, it is the most significant contemporary source for one of the most important of all early Pacific voyages. The expedition discovered the Marquesas (named Las Marquesas de Mendoça) and, following the death of Mendaña and having failed to locate the Solomons, was eventually able to safely reach the Philippines due to the navigational skill of Quiros.

Figueroa’s work was commissioned by the family of Hurtado de Mendoza in an attempt to ameliorate the damage to his character caused by the publication of Ercilla’s epic poem La Araucana, which had exposed Hurtado de Mendoza’s culpability in the brutal wars against the Araucana Indians in Chile. The first three of the work’s seven books are devoted to events in Chile. The remaining books not only contain the accounts of the Pacific voyages of Mendaña and Quiros; they also provide important source material on the piratical expeditions of Drake, Cavendish and Hawkins.

With the notable exceptions of the title and the second preliminary leaves, the 1616 issue was compiled from the same sheets as the edition of 1613. According to the University of Salamanca’s collation (CCPB000040859-X), the 1616 issue should have [8] preliminary leaves (as the present copy), including the dedication to Mendoza’s son and Figueroa’s patron, Juan Andrés Hurtado de Mendoza (rather than to the Duque de Lerma, Marques de Denia, the powerful aristocrat who had by 1616 fallen out of favour with the Spanish court). However, the University of Salamanca notes that a few copies of the first issue are known with the dedication to Juan Andrés Hurtado de Mendoza (“… al menos en algunos ejemplares, la ded. de [calderón]1r está dirigida a Juan Andrés Hurtado de Mendoza”).

Examples of the 1616 issue seldom appear in the market, and are significantly rarer than the original issue of 1613. Although it alludes to the existence of the 1616 issue, Kroepelien’s Bibliotheca Polynesiana catalogue includes only the 1613 issue, the rarity and importance of which is stressed: “This is apparently the earliest book in the Collection, and also one of the most expensive. It is now very rare.” There follows a quote from a letter written by Rex Nan Kivell to Kropelien in 1948: “I was … delighted to get your list of books and am very envious of some of them, particularly … your Suárez de Figueroa, Madrid 1613. These are three I have been hunting for twenty years.”

Sabin 93312 (citing the JCB copy which has 9 preliminary leaves, containing two dedications, i.e. to both Juan Andrés Hurtado de Mendoza and to the Duque de Lerma); Kroepelien 1260 (the first issue)